Intrauterine insemination (IUI), sometimes called "artificial insemination," is the process of placing sperm in the womb of a woman. This procedure transports sperm past the vagina and cervix, both environments hostile to sperm, and inside the uterus near the fallopian tubes, which increases the chances that sperm will fertilize a woman's egg.
Why do IUD? Who does it help?
IUI is able to improve outcomes for specific patient types, but does little to address those with poor egg supply (decreased ovarian reserve), severely reduced sperm count (oligospermia or azoospermia ) or a hostile uterine environment (where a pregnancy is necessary). But it is used more often in couples who meet the following features.
As a first treatment for unexplained infertility in conjunction with ovulation inducing medications.
infertility associated with inability to ovulate normally.
Infertility associated with endometriosis.
Infertility associated with cervical problems.